Tibet is known as “Rooftop of the world” for its rich natural resources with its beautiful and ancient monasteries, ancient cultures and mysterious lands and lakes, more than two million people are the inhabitant of this land. Tibet average altitude is (13,120 ft.) 4000m above sea level. Tibet is known for its Himalayan Mountains, 11mountains are over 8000m from sea level. Tibet is the border of China, Nepal, India, Bhutan, Sikkim, Burma and Kashmir. Tibet atmosphere is dry for over 9 months of the year, snowfall is only 18 inches due to the rain shadow effect.
The era of Paleolithic Age is known as the curtain of Tibetan history, where the Neolithic age considered as the Tibetan race of present generation. During the 7th century, the king named Songsten Gampo united the Tibet and named as Tubo dynasty.
Over hundreds of years, Buddhism is the main religion of Tibet. Tibetan ethnic group are native to Tibet around 5.4 million Tibetan people live in Tibet Autonomous Region. Religion is very important for Tibetan people because it influences the lives of their people. It has a distinctive feature with a fusion of Chinese and Indian Buddhism. Tibetan art is a variation of Buddha in various formations from bronze to shrines, to highly colorful thangka paintings and mandalas. Tibetan architecture is a fusion of Indian and Chinese which reflects a deep approach of Buddha. The wheel of Buddha along with two dragons can be seen every Gompa in Tibet.
Tibetan festivals are commonly performed to worship Buddha. Losar is the main festival in Tibet. Festivals are held according to Tibetan lunar calendar, it is a month behind the western Gregorian calendar. The most important food in Tibet is barely and a dough made from it called tsampa which is a staple food in Tibet. The meat of yak, goat, mutton and a mustard seed are heavily used in its cuisine. Yak yogurt, cheese, and butter are eaten frequently. The most popular dish is steamed dumplings called MOMO and buttermilk.